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Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse txt Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse, text ebook Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse, adobe reader Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse, chapter 2 Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse, Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse 578f85 This Volume Is Based On A Year S Seminar In Which Dr Lacan Addressed A Larger, Less Specialized Audience Than Ever Before, Among Whom He Could Not Assume Familiarity With His Work For His Listeners Then, And For His Readers Now, He Wanted To Introduce A Certain Coherence Into The Major Concepts On Which Psycho Analysis Is Based, Namely, The Unconscious, Repetition, The Transference, And The Drive Along The Way He Argues For A Structural Affinity Between Psychoanalysis And Language, Discusses The Relation Of Psychoanalysis To Religion, And Reveals His Particular Stance On Topics Ranging From Sexuality And Death To Alienation And Repression This Book Constitutes The Essence Of Dr Lacan S Sensibility


About the Author: Jacques Lacan

Jacques Marie mile Lacan was a French psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and doctor, who made prominent contributions to the psychoanalytic movement His yearly seminars, conducted in Paris from 1953 until his death in 1981, were a major influence in the French intellectual milieu of the 1960s and 1970s, particularly among post structuralist thinkers.Lacan s ideas centered on Freudian concepts such as



10 thoughts on “Les quatre concepts fondamentaux de la psychanalyse

  1. says:

    First review Rating 1 starTo say this is addressed to nonspeicalists, and relies on references to extremely obscure authors like Cornelius Agrippa and references work by Merleau Ponty which I doubt many nonspeicalists have read is ridiculous How is anybody going to understand this Even the vague references to dreams sampled from Freud s magnum opus The Interpretation of Dreams are mentioned in passing with very little semblance to their actual elucidation Whilst authors like Zizek, Copjec, Bruce Fink and others seem to be able to pull apart the theory from the abstruse style, I cannot I will perhaps return to this work, but for now it s contents remains a mystery to me.2nd Reading The art of listening is almost as important as that of saying the right thing 123 Okay, so Lacan is pretty fucking difficult, that s a given Below I ll post my summary of the sections of the seminar, and I hope people can chip in in the comments and provide me with some help understanding the great master I can only apologise for any vagaries and gaps in knowledge.In this set of seminars, conducted in 1964, Lacan tries to get at the heart of what Psychoanalysis is For Lacan, Psychoanalysis is rooted in four, Freudian concepts the unconscious, repetition, transference and finally the drive The lectures are then set out in these four themes, with a set of lectures devoted to one of the four aspects, all bar the first lecture, Excommunication Excommunication Lacan explains why psychoanalysis is a science, despite the analytic community oftentimes being similar to a religious community, which excommunicates heretics Lacan of course was excommunicated by the IPA for his insistence on variable length sessions, and Lacan was also famously interrupted by Ernest Jones, when Lacan was delivering the early version of The Mirror Stage Unfortunately, for Lacan, despite this lecture, the Lacanian community has become cultish than the community he was criticising, with the longstanding beef between Freudian revisionists of varying shades characterised by the legacy of Melanie Klein, Karen Horney and Erich Fromm and the classical Freudians characterised by folks like Anna Freud still brewing around this time Lacan is reflective on his own excommunication in this essay however, drawing similarities between his expulsion from the IPA to Baruch Spinozas excommunication from the Jewish community in Amsterdam Whilst Lacan pushes back against the claim that the psychoanalytic community is a church 4 , he does want to rescue the four concepts from the analytic community s abandoment of them, and instead carry the Freudian torch, by taking it and highlighting how Freudianism fits with modern linguistics.The Unconscious and Repetition The linguistic structure assures us that there is, beneath the term unconscious, something definable, accessible and objectifiable 21 Man s desire is the desire of the Other 36 This set of lectures draws on the themes of the title, with Lacan pushing back against the accusations of him being a Heideggerian due to his linguistic focus For Lacan, the unconscious thinks in our place and situates our subjectivity, in a very similar way to Heidegger s arguments about Being and its relation to language remember Lacan s repetition of Heidegger s famous statement that In language man dwells Lacan here wants to question our ideas around truth also, with him rejecting playing with the idea of there being truth in lying 38 He appears to be trying to reveal the truth inherent in speech, or the unconscious, which is expressed through language For example, if I were to lie about my sexual performance, the truth behind this statement is that unconsciously I hold a deep seated insecurity about my sexual performance, and this truth would only be revealed through analysis Whilst analysis gets at this Other, this unconscious we speak of, it does so not in an idealist manner In fact, Lacan aggressively rejects the notion of idealism in psychoanalysis, something which isn t helped by Freud s talk of mental representations Vorstellungsrepresentanz , which reads almost Berkeleyan at times No, analysis is not idealism for Lacan, because its praxis is orientated towards the heart of experience 54 The real is an in itself, apprehended through analysis of signs, like unveiling a mask or filtering out a chemical from a mixture This kind of claim I can only attribute to Lacan s interest in phenomenology, wherein experience is interpreted through a realist perspective, without the kind of mechanical materialist outlook, nor a leap of faith a la Descartes, another figure which Lacan speaks through in these lectures One of the key ideas in this section of lectures is the idea of the tuche , which is an Aristotelian term for apprehending the Real The Real is beyond simple return , as Freud s dictum of the return of the repressed tells us, things don t happen again as identical events Rather, they return in a fragmented and confused manner On the Gaze as Object Petit a Man s desire is the desire of the Other Here, in this set of lectures, Lacan attempts to explain his ideas on the Gaze, and distance himself from Merleau Ponty s and Sartre s phenomenology For Lacan, the gaze is not a literal, real gaze like that of Sartre s think of the example of a peeping tom being caught in Being and Nothingness , but rather it is for Lacan an imagined gaze, a gaze imagined in me by the Other 84 Lacan then discusses his ideas around the gaze with some illustrations and discussions of geometry and topology The gaze is represented through art, a theme which has been picked up on my film and art theorists in the Lacanian tradition see Zizek and Copjec The eye, for Lacan, may act as an object petit a, insofar as it involves lack 104 This objet a is a the object cause of desire, the Other which is evident through the gaze Simply put, it is that which we cannot attain, the apple of the eye Transference and the Drive I will ask analysts this have you ever felt, for a single moment, the feeling that you are handling a clay on influence 126 These lectures see Lacan shifting his focus to rejecting Szasz s attack on transference, with Lacan standing stubbornly in favour of the idea that transference doesn t require a subject presumed to know Here, we can see Lacan s idea of the analyst acting as a mirror for the analysand, and being a tool for the analysand, rather than an authoritative figure, like that of Winnicott s parent model of analysis, which is vital to the Lacanian approach, and provides a much non hierarchical approach which is too often overlooked Cormac Gallagher explains this very well in his summary notes of the seminar, noting The concern with the scientific nature of psychoanalysis had occupiedmany analysts since Freud and one of Lacan s principal interlocutors in thisand other Seminars, Thomas Szasz, argued that it could only achieve thisstatus by conforming to the objective norms of the physical sciences Inparticular Szasz felt that the whole notion of the transference, whichconsisted for him in deliberately leading the analysand into error and thencorrecting him on the basis of the analyst s superior knowledge, had to beabandoned in favour of an honest reciprocity between the two people in theanalytic situation Lacan s wager is that he can construct a science which does notabandon the fundamental tenets of analysis, for example, that it involves oneperson who is suffering coming to address himself to another subject who ispresumed to know To accept Szasz s proposition that psychoanalysis is ascience only if it has objective realities against which there can be measuredthe correctness of the analyst s as opposed to the analysand s statements is toreduce psychoanalysis to some sort of cognitive behavioural therapy andeliminate any reference to the four concepts that ground its theory andpractice see LACAN S SUMMARY OF SEMINAR XI pg9 by Cormac Gallagher Part of the focus on transference through speech also leads Lacan to separating the enunciation from the statement , wherein he spearates the signifiers from their Unconscious meaning I Am lying to you Again, think back to Lacan s critique of simplistic notions of truth as being different to the truth in analysis, and also Lacan s critique of the Cartesian I.Repeating his famous dictum that the unconscious is structured like a language , Lacan attacks Carl Jung s desexualisation of the libido and his idea that the solution to the unconscious it to be found in history, with some primitive mental ideas Related to this, Lacan also takes aims at the translation of Freud s drive , which Lacan sees as problematising the actual idea itself in the minds of many analysts This is something Lacan devotes a whole ecrit to in the full collection of the Ecrits The Field of the Other and back to Transference Not wanting to desire is wanting to not desire 253 This set of lectures has a very Hegelian focus, with Lacan exploring the notions of Being, alienation and separation in a way which holds a great albeit acknowledged debt to Hegel Alienation occurs with the sliding of signifiers, and anaphinis is explored as a consequence of the death of the subject Whilst signifiers are empty and have no relation to themselves, rather they take meaning when imbued with a pure non meaning at the root 251 Much of this section remains fairly impenetrable, and my deficiency in Hegel only adds to this.Conclusion Lacan concludes, circling back to largely the same things he said in the first couple of lectures, rounding up discussing the scientificity of Psychoanalysis which proceeds from, not science, but science itself.


  2. says:

    I am going to talk to you about the Lacan Lucky for you, in this review I will demonstrate such an unquestionable comprehension of everything fundamentally psychoanalytical that not only will you finally be persuaded to read this book but also all debilitating misperceptions and insuperable aporias and smug dismissals and congenital ineptness will be rectified by the irresistible prowess of my lucidly sagacious yet easily digested and wholesomely uplifting discourse and you will then have been baptized in the fountain of knowledge to emerge forever purified of error.


  3. says:

    Never having read a full text by Lacan, I was surprised at how accessible I found this particular collection I later found out that his seminars are much accessible than his actual books or formal writings For this reason 5 stars One will get quite a bit from this text enough to then make one s way through his theoretical writings and many texts that are written according to Lacanian theory the gaze, transference, etc Again, I was and remain very pleased at how much I personally took away from this book, having been intimidated to read him in the past.


  4. says:

    Basically yes, Lacan lays down the gauntlet Objet petit a represents a lack inherent to all human beings, whose incompleteness and early helplessness produce a quest for fulfillment beyond the satisfaction of biological needs a fantasy that functions as the cause of desire it determines whether desire will be expressed within the pleasure principle or beyond in pursuitof unlimited jouissance, an impossible, and even deadly enjoyment Desire is mediated through language The Real is beyond the scope of language The Symbolic Order is constructed around the Big Other and constructs the non positional disposition of the subject that forms an invisible unity with the positional consciousness consciousness is directed toward an object other than itself also called thetic consciousness Reality is symbolically constructed through our usage of language we resolve to turn the Real into a hard kernel and fail to express the trauma that can never be expressed in words Basically he deconstructs his own position the talking cure is impossibleand the only way to cure anyone is through anti transferrence where the analysand stands up and walks out of the psycho analysts office.


  5. says:

    The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho AnalysisBy Jacques LacanReviewed by Mitchell RhodesIf you haven t yet read the The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho Analysis by Jacques Lacan, don t bother You ll be better off Let me explain In Kevin Smith s film, Dogma , when God Alanis Morrissette speaks, all those in the know, angles and such, cover their ears They do this for good reason In full harmonics, God s voice is just a horrendous blast of noise that can t be understood It hurts the ears to listen and therefore it s not worth listening to The same might be said about Lacan In the 1950s and 60s, Lacan conducted a series of lectures, in French, to explain his psychoanalytical theories The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho Analysis is a transcription of a series of lectures from 1964 In essence, it s Lacan speaking If I were able to read and understand the original French text, perhaps I would have a better impression of the work, but I highly doubt it.Like God in the film Dogma , when Lacan speaks it too is a horrendous blast of noise that s not worth listening to, or in this case, reading My intuition tells me that Lacan s ego yes, in the Freudian sense would appreciate being compared to God his objet petit a , so to speak.As God, or Lacan, you re not required to explain yourself to anyone and even when you try, it s only heard as noise anyway Many scholars study the word of God and search for meaning in their interpretations so too with Lacan Butler, Copjec, Feldstein, Fink, Zezek and perhaps a dozen or so others have all tried While many have tried, in my opinion, all have failed And I like to believe that the both Lacan and God would agree with me Because, really, how could any beings with such depth be ever completely understood with language It s too base a medium to even attempt it Since we are equating Lacan and God, I suggest that the Old Testament makes for the best comparison a place where the power over subjects is the preferred MO rather than offering the power to After all, isn t this the place where God s jouissance is at it s best Turn the gaze toward the mirror and remove the mask Who s behind it Is it Lacan as Freud or Freud as Lacan Is it God as Lucifer or Lucifer as God Or are they always one in the same depending where in the picture, I, as subject, am placed At this point all I have left to say is good riddance to psychoanalytic blather such as Freud s id, ego and superego and to Lacan s Imaginary, Real, the symbolic order and the big Other Just as the notion of a flat earth or the application of leaches as a cure all came to be just crazy talk, so too will the theories of psychoanalysis They enable and maintain power over for some rather than providing the power to for all Such methods no longer serve humanity s higher potential and it s time to move on Hooray for neuroscience


  6. says:

    This seminar has the misleading title the four fundamental concepts of psychoanalysis, which, coupled with Lacan s name, seems to mislead many into thinking this is a friendly introduction to post Freudian psychoanalysis It is not, and it never markets itself as such In fact, this is not even a book these are transcripts of Lacan s seminars delivered to a group of psychoanalysts who have been closely following his research, and in this seminar in particular, Lacan lays out his highly technical and revolutionary revisions to key psychoanalytic concepts Thus, the prerequisite for this seminar is far from trivial, and really, anyone who doesn t already have a solid grasp on psychoanalysis will be at a profound loss By the I mean, you should know most of the Freudian program and not just some pop culture familiarity with the Oedipus complex, castration anxiety, or penis envy , Saussure s work and the structuralist movement, as well as the early Lacan writings for example, the Rome report and the Instance of the Letter This is an academic book and the reader should come in with the correct expectations Is it, at some times, unnecessarily convoluted Yes A pronoun such as it can easily refer to something last mentioned a paragraph before, and he goes on elaborate tangents that are apparently irrelevant He sentences are long and awkward, and his use of words not exactly idiomatic or precise But remember this is a transcript of a oral lecture and unlike contemporary American academics who literally reads off a script during talks, these lectures were organic and dynamic, and these transcript can often be better understood read out loud you ll see how the awkward written sentences make much sense in a spoken discourse.That said, the book is profoundly rewarding for the prepared reader, but anyone who reads and understands this seminar probably don t need me reiterating its value, but I ll make a short list anyway in here he first delineates his understanding of the unconscious from the naive position, and in doing so firmly grounds the UC in language He describes the relationship between the encounter tuch , trauma, petit a, and the re formation of the subject He then gives the most worked out example of the petit a as of yet by studying the gaze, and touches on the value of art and performativity toward the end of that discussion He then revisits the phenomena of transference, importantly defining it as correlative to the subject who is supposed to know He then goes on a tangent discussing the drive and desire differentiating them for the first time, I think , as well as binary relationship alienation and separation between the subject and the field of the Other, before returning to the subject of transference as a manifestation of desire.


  7. says:

    There s a lot I don t understand here But what exactly How have I not understood this text How is this misunderstanding structured If the unconscious is structured like a language, one might ask, what is it Lacan hasn t said and what might this mean I can t say that I came to The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis from a particularly analytical perspective Lacan s ideas, for me, are a kind of poetry a series of approximations I ve heard Lacan s style of expression is an attempt to engage the unconscious I don t know that the unconscious can be manipulated as such it isn t any one thing to be manipulated at least according to Lacan or what I understand of Lacan However, it s a nice idea the sort of thing one might like to attribute to Lacan which is why, for me, his work is so compelling.


  8. says:

    Lacan really lays out his theory in this book There is also this angry feeling behind it as he has just split from the IPA I couldn t put it down and it has many parts that I will want to go back to as I continue my own pathway with analysis.


  9. says:

    i find lacanianism interesting, but by now ive learned its graspable only through secondary literature


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